Rules and Regulations







  1. Definition of key words in CBCS:
  2. Academic Year: Two consecutive (one odd+ one even) semesters constitute one academic year.
  3. Choice Based Credit System (CBCS): The CBCS provides choice for students to select from the prescribed courses (Core, elective or skill courses).

iii.Course: Course usually referred to as ‘papers’, is a component of programmes. Allcourses need not carry the same weight. The course should define learning objectivesand learning outcomes. A course may be designed toincludelectures/tutorials/laboratorywork/fieldwork / outreachactivities/projectwork/seminars/termpapers/assignments/presentations/self-study, etc. or a combination of some of these.

iv.Credit Based Semester System (CBSS): Under the CBSS, the requirement for awarding Degrees or diplomas or certificates is prescribed in terms of number ofcredits to be completed by the students.

  1. Credit: It is aunit by which the course work is measured. It determines the numberof hours of instructions required per week. One credit is equivalent to one hour ofteaching (lecture or tutorial) or two hours of practical work/ field work per week.
  2. Letter Grade: It is an index of the performance of the students in a said course.Grade are denoted by letters O,A+,A,B+,B,C+, C, F and AB

vii. Grade Point: It is a numerical grade allotted to each letter grade.

vii. Credit Point: It is the product of grade points and the number of credits to be completed by the students.

viii. Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA): It is a measure of performance of astudent in a semester. It is the ratio oftotal credit points secured by a student invarious courses of a semester and the course credits taken during that semester. Itshall be expressed up to two decimal points.

  1. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): It is a measure of overallcumulative performance of students over all semesters. The CGPA is the ratiooftotal credit points secured by a student in various courses in all semesters andthe sum of the total credits of all courses in all the semesters. It is expressed up totwo decimal points.
  2. Programme: An educational programme leads to award of a Degree or a Diplomaor a Certificate.
  3. Semester: Odd semester (i.e. 1st, 3rdand 5th semester) is from July to December and even semester (i.e. 2nd, 4th and 6th semester) is from January to June.

xii.Grade Sheet: The grade sheet issued at the end of each semester shall include the total marks obtained in each paper / module as well as the SGPA, the total marks obtained in that semester and the credit earned in the semester concerned. The final grade sheet, on completion of six semesters, shall include the SGPA of six semesters, CGPA, Letter Grade, the marks obtainedand the total Credits earned.

  1. Courses under Choice Based Credit System (CBCS):

Under the design of”Choice Based Credit System(CBCS)” the curriculum has been moulded intothree tier structure with following types of courses to be offered:

  1. Core Course: A course, which should compulsorily be studied by a candidate as a core requirement, is termed as a Core course.
  2. Elective Course:Generally, a course which can be chosen from a pool of courses and which may be very specific or specialized or advanced or supportive to the discipline/ subject of study or which provides an extended scope or which enables an exposure to some other discipline/subject/domain or nurtures the candidate’s proficiency/skill is called an Elective Course.
  3. i) Discipline Specific Elective (DSE) Course: Elective courses offered by the main discipline/subject of study are referred to as Discipline Specific Elective. The University/Institute may also offer discipline related Elective courses of interdisciplinary nature (to be offered by main discipline/subject of study).
  4. ii) Generic Elective (GE) Course: An elective course chosen generally from an unrelated discipline/subject, with an intention to seek exposure is called a Generic Elective. A core course offered in a discipline/subject may be treated as an elective by other discipline/subject and vice versa and such electives may also be referred to as Generic Elective.
  5. Ability Enhancement Courses (AEC): The Ability Enhancement (AE) Courses may be of two kinds: Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC) and Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC). “AECC” courses are the courses based upon the content that leads to Knowledge enhancement. These are mandatory for all disciplines. SEC courses are value-based and/or skill-based and are aimed at providing hands-on-training, competencies, skills, etc.
  6. i) Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC): Environmental Science, English Communication/MIL Communication are the AEC courses.
  7. ii) Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC): These courses may be chosen from a pool of courses designed to provide value-based and/or skill-based knowledge. The two skill enhancement courses, one during third and another during fourth semester, will be offered by the Department(s)/College centrally.
  8. Introducing Research Component in Under-Graduate Courses: Project work/Dissertation is considered as a special course involving application of knowledge in solving / analysing /exploring a real-life situation / difficult problem. A Project/Dissertation work would be of 6 credits. A Project/Dissertation work may be given in lieu of a discipline specific elective paper.
  9. Practical / Tutorial: Every Core course, Generic Elective course and Discipline Specific Elective course shall have a Practical / Tutorial component. Wherever there is a practical, there will be no tutorial and vice-versa.


  1. Details of courses under B.A./B.Sc. (Honours)
  2. a) Semester-wise Distribution of Courses/Papers


SemesterIIIIIIIVVVITotal papers
Discipline Specific Elective[DSE]    224
Generic Elective [GE]1111  4
Skill Enhancement Elective (SEC)  11  2
Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses(AECC)11    2
Total Number of Courses with marks
















  1. b) Credit Structure for B.A./B.Sc. Courses


Course TypeCredit for Courses with Theory and PracticalCredit for Courses with Theory and TutorialTotal Papers/CoursesTotal Credit
Discipline Specific Elective[DSE]4251424
Generic Elective[GE]4251424
Skill Enhancement Elective (SEC)202024
Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses(AECC)202024
Total    26140


  1. Minimum Criteria for Degree

a.An undergraduate Degree with Honours in Humanities /Science shall be awarded if a studentcompletes 14 core courses/papers in that discipline, 2 Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses(AECC), 2 Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC), 4 courses/papers from a list of Discipline Specific Elective(DSE) and 4 courses/papers from a list of Generic Elective(GE) papers, respectively.

  1. For B.A. /B.Sc. Honours students, a candidate has to choose 4 Generic Elective courses taking 2 courses from one discipline in 1st and 3rd semesters and 2 courses from another discipline in 2nd and 4th semesters.
  1. Duration of the course

A candidate pursuing a regular course of study for three-year semester-wise degree course shall have to clear courses  of all semesters in all respects within a span of five years from the year of admission to the particular course and combinations, failing which enrolment of the candidate shall stand cancelled.

  1. Mechanism of computation of work-load per week:

 For the purpose of computation of credits/work-load mechanism equivalent to the following shall be adopted

  1. Theory1 credit = I Hour Lecture [ 1 theory period of one-hour duration per week]
  2. Tutorial 1 credit = 1 Hour Tutorial [1 tutorial period of one-hour duration per week]

iii. Practical 1 credit = 2 Hours Practical [1 practical period of two hours duration perweek]

  1. Semester duration: 15weeks of academic work
  1. Marks Distribution and Evaluation:
  2. Division of marks for each Core, Generic Elective and Discipline SpecificElective papers/courses:
  • Subjects with practical: Theory (50) + Practical (30) + Internal Assessment(20) [internal exam(15) + attendance (5)] = Total 100
  • Subjects without practical: Theory (65) + Tutorial (15) + Internal Assessment(20) [internal exam (15) + attendance (5)] = Total 100
  1. Division of Marks for AECC and SEC papers/courses:

Theory (80) + Internal Assessment (20) [internal exam (15) + attendance (5)] = Total 100

Note: Internal exam will be based on theory.

  1. 5 marks for theory class attendance will be awarded as

Class attendance 95% and above = 5 marks

Class attendance 90% – below 95% = 4 marks

Class attendance 80% – below 90% = 3 marks

Class attendance 70% – below 80% =2 marks

Class attendance less than 70% = 0 marks.Students with less than 70% attendance will be barred from appearing in the semester exam in the respective course/paper.


  1. The pattern and break up of marks allotted for the questions in the semester examinations shall be finalized by the respective Board of Studies in the relevant subject and to be ratified by the academic council.
  1. Pass Percentage and Promotion Rules for all the courses under Choice Based Credit system
  2. To qualify and earn the corresponding credit of a particular course /paper a student must score minimum 40% marks combining his marks obtained in theory and internal assessment and also 40% marks in practical /tutorial separately at the end of the semester.
  1. A candidate pursuing Honours/Core course of study clearing all the papers and securing a minimum of CGPA 4.00 will be declared as obtaining B.A./B.Sc. Degree with his CGPA and corresponding Letter Grade.
  1. A student who appears in a semester examination or who was eligible to appear in the semester examinations but remains absent in any or all the courses of the said semester, shall move on to the next semester irrespective of his result in the said examinations.
  1. A student who has obtained at least 40% in all the courses in theory examination (including internal assessment) and practical/tutorial examination separately conducted in the different semester examinations shall be promoted to the next semester without any backlog/arrear courses.
  1. A student who has not obtained at least 40% in all the courses in theory examination (including internal assessment) and practical/tutorial examinations separately, conducted in the different semester examinations shall be promoted to the next semester with previous uncleared arrear/backlog courses.
  1. A student who wants to re-appear for clearing arrear/backlog in a course will have to do so only when the respective course is offered in the next semester under regular examination procedure, and in such case the internal assessment/internal marks will remain unaltered. However, the case may be different for a candidate eligible for supplementary examination. [See clause 9].
  1. If a candidate secures pass marks in practical paper(s)/tutorials but fails to secure pass marks in theoretical papers (including internal assessment), the marks of practical paper(s)/ tutorials along with internal assessment of theoretical papers shall be retained. The candidate remaining absent in the internal examination will be awarded zero (0) marks.
  1. If any candidate is barredfrom appearing in the exam in any theory/practical paper for shortage of attendance, he hasto re-appear for clearing arrear/backlog in that course component (theory/practical) when the respective coursecomponent (theory/practical) is offered/ evaluated in the next appropriate semester under regular examination procedure. However, in case of theory component backlog/arrear the marks of the internal assessment will be retained. When a short-attendance candidateappears in a theory paper in the next appropriate semester, he will be awarded 2 marks for his attendance.
  1. The case of a reported against (RA) candidate will be referred to the Disciplinary Committee for Examination (DCE) for further consideration and necessary action.
  1. There will be no scope for improvement meaning that if a student secures pass marks in any paper/course he will not be allowed to reappear in the examination of that particular course/paper in any subsequent semester for improvement of grade point.
  1. A candidate who fails to obtain pass marks in any component of a paper in any semester for shortage of one mark shall be awarded one grace mark in that component of the paper.
  1. 1 grace mark may be awarded to a student who is securing only 1 mark less than 50%, 55% and 60% in aggregate in undergraduate and 40%, 50%, 55% and 60% in post graduate in aggregate at the end of his final semester examination.
  1. Supplementary Examination:
  2. a) A student will be eligible for supplementary exam for 5th and 6th semester papers/courses after publication of 6th semester results only if he doesn’t have any arrear till 4thOtherwise, the student will have to clear the arrear paper(s) in the following appropriate semester. If an eligible student cannot clear the paper(s) after supplementary exam, he will have to clear the paper(s) in the next appropriate semester(s).
  3. b) If a candidate gets arrear in any paper for short attendance in 5th/6th semester then he will not be eligible for appearing in supplementary exam.
  1. Post publication seeing of answer-scripts, scrutiny of answer-scripts and review of results:
  2. Students may apply to the Controller of Examinations to see the answer-scripts submitting a fee to be notified after the publication of results.
  3. After seeing the answer-script a student
  4. may apply for scrutiny of his answer script(s) irrespective of marks. Post publication scrutiny does not imply re-examination or re-assessment of scripts but involve verification of scripts and records.
  5. may apply for re-examination of answer-scripts submitting a fee.
  6. A student may directly apply for re-examination.
  1. Re-Examination/review is applicable only for theoretical papers of different end semester examinations of three years B.A./ Re-examination/ review is not permissible for internal assessment, practical &tutorial examinations and project work/dissertation.
  2. In re-examination of papers for any end semester examinations, the marks awarded by the re-examiner in a paper will be taken as the marks obtained by the candidate in that paper. If there is a difference of more than 15% marks of the full marks in the paper between the first examiner and the reviewer, then the answer script will be sent to the third examiner and the average of two closer marks thus received, will stand as his final marks.
  1. Letter Grades and Grade Point:
GradeMarks Equivalents*Grade Point
O91% and above10
A+81% – 90%9
A71% – 80%8
B+61% – 70%7
B51% – 60%6
C+41% – 50%5
CPassed with 40%4
FBelow 40%0
AB 0

**Percentage will be rounded off to integer

  1. Computation of SGPA and CGPA

The following procedure to compute the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) will be followed.

  1. a) The SGPA of a student for a semester is the ratio of the sum of product of the grade point scored and the corresponding credit of different component(s) of all the courses offered to a student in a semester to the sum of credit assigned to the courses offered to him in that semester.
  1. b) The CGPA is the ratio of the sum of the product of SGPA and the corresponding total credit of a semester, the sum being taken over all the semester to the sum of the total credit of all the semesters.
  1. c) The SGPA and CGPA shall be rounded off to 2 decimal points and reported in the transcripts.
  2. d) The overall letter grade of the candidate on the basis of CGPA will be as follows:
O9.5 and aboveOutstanding
A+8.5 – 9.49Excellent
A7.5 – 8.49Very Good
B+6.5 – 7.49Good
B5.5 – 6.49Average
C+4.5 – 5.49Fair
C4.0 – 4.49Satisfactory
FBelow 4.0Fail


  1. e) The grade sheet issued at the end of each semester shall include the total marks obtained in each paper / module as well as the SGPA, the total marks obtained in that semester and the credit earned in the semester concerned. The final grade sheet, on completion of six semesters, shall include the SGPA of six semesters, CGPA, Letter Grade, the marks obtained and the total Credits earned.


Guidelines regarding Penalties for breach of discipline during College Examinations

No.OffencesPunishment/ PenaltyAuthority
1.Whispering/ talking /looking at others script.Strict oral warningInvigilator
2.Exchange of answer Sheet/question paper with others.Reported against (RA), may lead to cancelation of whole answer sheet for both.Invigilator along with COE.
3.Copying from others or from any other unauthorized materials such as printed or written paper, photocopies, loose sheet, electronic gadgets or from his own body parts etc. or adopting any unfair means during the examinations.Reported against (RA) and zero (0) marks may be awarded for that particular question(s).DCE
4.Found in possession of unauthorized material during examinations such as paper, photocopies, loose sheet etc and also the electronics gadget like mobile phone etc. or writing on body parts.Mobile phone/ device, etc shall be confiscated and a written undertaking to the COE after finishing the examination.Invigilator and COE
5.Writing on the desk of the examination hall.Changes of seat with monetary fine of Rs 500/ and a written undertaking to the COE after finishing the examination.COE and DCE
6.Sitting without following the seating plan.Changes of seat and a written undertaking to the COE after finishing the examination.Invigilator and COE
  • Above cases are illustrative and not exhaustive.
  • Repetition of any offences or any other issues not specified above will be forwarded to Disciplinary Committee for Examinations (DCE).
  • Punishment may be recommended by the Disciplinary Committee in individual cases.